I wanted today’s puzzle to look like a big candy bar, but I don’t think I succeeded. I hope you will still think it is the best treat you got today! Good luck!

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 Factors 1419-1429

Now I’ll tell you some facts about the number 1429:

- 1429 is a prime number.
- Prime factorization: 1429 is prime.
- 1429 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1429 cannot be simplified.
- The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1429 has exactly 2 factors.
- The factors of 1429 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

**How do we know that ****1429**** is a prime number?** If 1429 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1429. Since 1429 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, or 37, we know that 1429 is a prime number.

OEIS.org informs us that 1429² = **2,04****2,04**1. That’s the smallest perfect square whose first three digits are repeated in order by the next three digits.

1429 is the sum of two squares:

30² + 23² = 1429

1429 is the hypotenuse of a primitive Pythagorean triple:

371-1380-1429 calculated from 30² – 23², 2(30)(23), 30² + 23²

Here’s another way we know that 1429 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 30² + 23² = 1429 with 30 and 23 having no common prime factors, 1429 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1429. Since 1429 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, or 37, we know that 1429 is a prime number.