1709 Sometimes “Guess and Check” Is a Good Strategy

Today’s Puzzle:

Most of the puzzles I publish are logic puzzles, and I encourage you to find the logic of the puzzle and not guess and check.  However, guess and check is a legitimate strategy in mathematics, and it is a legitimate strategy to solve this particular puzzle.

Since one of the clues is -9, we know that the two boxes under it must be [1, 10], [2, 11], or [3, 12].

Suppose you assume it’s 1 – 10 = -9. If you fill out the rest of the boxes you would get:

You know that isn’t right because zero is not a number from 1 to 12. No problem. Simply add one to each of the numbers you wrote in, and the puzzle will be solved with only numbers from 1 to 12.

Suppose you assumed it’s 3 -12 = -9. The rest of the boxes would look like this:

Again, 13 is not included in the numbers from 1 to 12, but you can fix it by subtracting 1 from each of the numbers you wrote in. Easy Peasy.

Factors of 1709:

  • 1709 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1709 is prime.
  • 1709 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1709 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1709 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1709 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1709 is a prime number? If 1709 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1709. Since 1709 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, or 41, we know that 1709 is a prime number.

More About the Number 1709:

1709 is the sum of two squares:
35² + 22² = 1709.

1709 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
741-1540-1709, calculated from 35² – 22², 2(35)(22), 35² + 22².

Here’s another way we know that 1709 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 35² + 22² = 1709 with 35 and 22 having no common prime factors, 1709 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1709. Since 1709 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, 37, or 41, we know that 1709 is a prime number.

1699 Sweet Candy Cane

Today’s Puzzle:

Solving this candy cane puzzle can be a sweet experience. Just use logic to write the numbers 1 to 12 in both the first column and the top row so that those numbers and the given clues make a multiplication table.

Factors of 1699:

  • 1699 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1699 is prime.
  • 1699 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1699 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1699 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1699 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1699 is a prime number? If 1699 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1699. Since 1699 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, or 41, we know that 1699 is a prime number.

More About the Number 1699:

1699 is the third prime in a prime triple. What are the other two primes in that triple?

1699 is the difference of two squares:
850² – 849² = 1699.

1697 A Boot in the Window

Today’s Puzzle:

Tonight throughout many parts of the world children will place their polished boots in a window awaiting a visit from St. Nick. In the morning they will find their boots filled with favorite candies.

You can solve this boot puzzle by writing the numbers from 1 to 12 in both the first column and the top row so that those numbers and the given clues will become the start of a multiplication table.

Factors of 1697:

  • 1697 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1697 is prime.
  • 1697 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1697 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1697 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1697 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1697 is a prime number? If 1697 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1697. Since 1697 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, or 41, we know that 1697 is a prime number.

More About the Number 1697:

1697 is the sum of two squares:
41² + 4² = 1697.

1697 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
328-1665-1697, calculated from 2(41)(4), 41² – 4², 41² + 4².

Here’s another way we know that 1697 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 41² + 4² = 1697 with 41 and 4 having no common prime factors, 1697 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1697. Since 1697 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, 37, or 41, we know that 1697 is a prime number.

1693 Tricky Turkey

Today’s Puzzle:

You cannot gobble this turkey up unless you can find all of its factors!

Use logic and multiplication facts. It won’t be easy, but write the numbers from 1 to 10 in both the first column and the top row so that those numbers and the given clues make a multiplication table.

Here’s the same puzzle without the added color:

Factors of 1693:

  • 1693 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1693 is prime.
  • 1693 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1693 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1693 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1693 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1693 is a prime number? If 1693 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1693. Since 1693 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, or 41, we know that 1693 is a prime number.

More About the Number 1693:

1693 is the sum of two squares:
37² + 18² = 1693.

1693 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
1045-1332-1693, calculated from 37² – 18², 2(37)(18), 37² + 18².

Here’s another way we know that 1693 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 37² + 18² = 1693 with 37 and 18 having no common prime factors, 1693 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1693. Since 1693 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, 37, or 41, we know that 1693 is a prime number.

1669 and Level 6

Today’s Puzzle:

Some sets of clues in this puzzle have two possible common factors, and another set has three possible common factors. Don’t guess which ones to use, but use logic instead! Write the numbers 1 to 12 in both the first column and the top row so that those numbers and the given clues form a multiplication table.

Factors of 1669:

  • 1669 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1669 is prime.
  • 1669 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1669 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1669 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1669 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1669 is a prime number? If 1669 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1669. Since 1669 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, or 37, we know that 1669 is a prime number.

More About the Number 1669:

1669 is the sum of two squares:
38² + 15² = 1669.

1669 is the hypotenuse of a primitive Pythagorean triple:
1140-1219-1669, calculated from 2(38)(15), 38² – 15², 38² + 15².

Here’s another way we know that 1669 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 38² + 15² = 1669 with 38 and 15 having no common prime factors, 1669 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1669. Since 1669 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, or 37, we know that 1669 is a prime number.

1667 and Level 4

Today’s Puzzle:

Use logic to write the numbers 1 to 12 in both the first column and the top row so that those numbers and the given clues function like a multiplication table.

Factors of 1667:

  • 1667 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1667 is prime.
  • 1667 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1667 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1667 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1667 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1667 is a prime number? If 1667 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1667. Since 1667 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, or 37, we know that 1667 is a prime number.

More About the Number 1667:

Look at these consecutive number facts about the number 1667:
833 + 834 = 1667.
834² – 833² = 1667.

As the chart below shows, 1667 was ALMOST the fourth consecutive prime number ending in 7. Too bad prime number 1663 got in the way of that happening.

 

1663 and Level 1

Today’s Puzzle:

Write the numbers 1 to 12 in both the first column and the top row so that those numbers and the given clues function like a multiplication table.

Factors of 1663:

  • 1663 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1663 is prime.
  • 1663 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1663 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1663 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1663 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1663 is a prime number? If 1663 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1663. Since 1663 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, or 37, we know that 1663 is a prime number.

More About the Number 1663:

1663 is the sum of consecutive numbers in only one way:
831 + 832 = 1663.

1663 is the difference of two squares in only one way:
832² – 831² = 1663.

What do you notice about those two number facts?

Prime Number 1657 is the 24th Centered Hexagonal Number

Today’s Puzzle:

Draw six triangles on the graphic below to show that 1657 is one more than 6 times the 23rd triangular number.

Factors of 1657:

  • 1657 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1657 is prime.
  • 1657 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1657 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1657 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1657 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1657 is a prime number? If 1657 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1657. Since 1657 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, or 37, we know that 1657 is a prime number.

More About the Number 1657:

1657 is the sum of two squares:
36² + 19² = 1657.

1657 is the hypotenuse of a primitive Pythagorean triple:
935-1368-1657, calculated from 36² – 19², 2(36)(19), 36² + 19².

Here’s another way we know that 1657 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 36² + 19² = 1657 with 36 and 19 having no common prime factors, 1657 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1657. Since 1657 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, or 37, we know that 1657 is a prime number.

Do you notice anything else special about the number 1657 in this color-coded chart?

1621 Give This Purple Egg a Crack!

Today’s Puzzle:

Here’s a level-5 purple Easter egg for you to try. All you need to do is write the numbers from 1 to 12 in both the first column and in the top row so that those numbers and the given clues function like a multiplication table. Go ahead. Give it a crack!

Factors of 1621:

  • 1621 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1621 is prime.
  • 1621 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1621 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1621 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1621 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1621 is a prime number? If 1621 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1621. Since 1621 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, or 37, we know that 1621 is a prime number.

More about the Number 1621:

OEIS.org informs us that 1621 is in an interesting group of prime numbers.

I have verified it. They really are all prime!

1621 is the sum of two squares:
39² + 10² = 1621.

1621 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
780-1421-1621, calculated from 2(39)(10), 39² – 10², 39² + 10².

Here’s another way we know that 1621 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 39² + 10² = 1621 with 39 and 10 having no common prime factors, 1621 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1621. Since 1621 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, or 37, we know that 1621 is a prime number.

1619 A Pink Egg Hidden in the Grass

Today’s Puzzle:

Easter is less than two weeks away. This pink puzzle is the first of three level-5 Easter eggs hidden amongst some blades of grass for you to find and solve. The puzzle might be a little tricky, but use logic every step of the way, and you’ll be able to find the unique solution:

Factors of 1619:

  • 1619 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1619 is prime.
  • 1619 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1619 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1619 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1619 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1619 is a prime number? If 1619 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1619. Since 1619 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, or 37, we know that 1619 is a prime number.

More about the Number 1619:

1619 is the sum of two consecutive numbers:
809 + 810 = 1619.

1619 is also the difference of two consecutive squares:
810² – 809² = 1619.

What do you think about that?