1511 and Level 1

Today’s Puzzle:

Do you know what number is the common factor of all the clues in this puzzle? If you do, then you are well on your way to solving this level one puzzle!

Factors of 1511:

  • 1511 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1511 is prime.
  • 1511 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1511 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1511 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1511 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1511 is a prime number? If 1511 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1511. Since 1511 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 31, or 37, we know that 1511 is a prime number.

One More Fact about the Number 1511:

1511 is equidistant from the two closest primes:
The previous prime was 1511 – 12 = 1499.
The next prime will be 1511 + 12 = 1523.

1499 Challenge Puzzle

Today’s Puzzle:

Use the 19 clues, logic, and the multiplication facts from a 10 × 10 multiplication table to find the unique solution of this Find the Factors Challenge puzzle. Good luck!

Factors of 1499:

  • 1499 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1499 is prime.
  • 1499 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1499 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1499 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1499 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1499 is a prime number? If 1499 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1499. Since 1499 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 31, or 37, we know that 1499 is a prime number.

More Facts about the Number 1499:

1499 is the difference of two consecutive squares:
750² – 749² = 1499

oeis.org reminds us that 149, 199, and 499 are also prime numbers, so taking away one digit from 1499 always leaves a prime number.

 

 

1493 and Level 4

Today’s Puzzle:

Write the numbers from 1 to 12 in both the first column and the top row so that those numbers are the factors of the clues given in the puzzle:

Factors of 1493:

  • 1493 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1493 is prime.
  • 1493 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1493 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1493 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1493 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1493 is a prime number? If 1493 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1493. Since 1493 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 31, or 37, we know that 1493 is a prime number.

Other Facts about the number 1493:

1493 is the last prime number in the fourth prime quintuplet,
(1481, 1483, 1487, 1489, 1493), which is the smallest prime quintuplet that is not also part of a prime sextuplet.
In prime quintuplets, the first three numbers, the middle three numbers, and the last three numbers each form a prime triplet. Thus,1493 is the last prime number in the third prime triplet formed from the numbers in the fourth prime quintuplet.

1493 is the sum of two squares:
38² + 7² = 1493

1493 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
532-1395-1493, calculated from 2(38)(7), 38² – 7², 38² + 7²

Here’s another way we know that 1493 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 38² + 7² = 1493 with 38 and 7 having no common prime factors, 1493 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1493. Since 1493 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, or 37, we know that 1493 is a prime number.

1489 and Level 1

Today’s Puzzle:

You can use the 20 clues in this puzzle to find the order that the factors from 1 to 12 must take. After you find those factors you can multiply each pair of factors together to complete the entire multiplication table.

Factors of 1489:

  • 1489 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1489 is prime.
  • 1489 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1489 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1489 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1489 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1489 is a prime number? If 1489 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1489. Since 1489 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 31, or 37, we know that 1489 is a prime number.

Other Facts about the Number 1489:

1489 is the sum of two squares:
33² + 20² = 1489.

1489 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
689-1320-1489 calculated from 33² – 20², 2(33)(20), 33² + 20².

Here’s another way we know that 1489 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 33² + 20² = 1489 with 33 and 20 having no common prime factors, 1489 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1489. Since 1489 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, or 37, we know that 1489 is a prime number.

1489 is the last prime number in the fifth prime decade:

1489 is a centered triangular number because (3(31²) + 3(31) + 2)/2 = 1489.

1487 A Challenging Puzzle

Today’s Puzzle:

This puzzle is like four out-of-order 1 – 10 multiplication tables that work together. The clues in the puzzle need to be the products of the numbers you write. It won’t be easy, but use logic to solve it. Good luck!

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10 Factors 1478-1487

Factors of 1487:

  • 1487 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1487 is prime.
  • 1487 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1487 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1487 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1487 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1487 is a prime number? If 1487 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1487. Since 1487 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 31, or 37, we know that 1487 is a prime number.

Other Facts about the Number 1487:

1487 is the difference of two squares:
744²-743² = 1487.

1487 is the third prime number in the fifth prime decade. See it in the list below:

1483 and Level 5

Today’s Puzzle:

Some of the clues in the same row or column in this puzzle have more than one common factor. In each case, will you make the logical choice to find the puzzle’s unique solution?

Factors of 1483:

  • 1483 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1483 is prime.
  • 1483 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1483 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1483 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1483 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1483 is a prime number? If 1483 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1483. Since 1483 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 31, or 37, we know that 1483 is a prime number.

More about the Number 1483:

1483 is the difference of two squares:
742² – 741² = 1483

The first five prime decades are listed below. 1483 is the second prime number in the fifth prime decade:

1481 is the First Prime Number in the Fifth Prime Decade

What Kind of Prime Number is 1481?

1481 is the 234th prime number. It is part of a twin prime pair, a prime triplet, a prime quadruplet, and even a prime quintuplet. All of those designations are nice, but to me, the most beautiful is the prime decade (the prime quadruplets not counting (5, 7, 11, 13)).

1481 is the first prime number in the fifth prime decade. The last digits of the numbers in every prime decade make a lovely pattern: 1, 3, 7, and 9. Once you know the first prime number in the decade, you also know the other three! That’s beautiful!

I found the numbers in the first five prime decades easy to memorize. We start with the teen decade followed by the first and last decades in the 100’s. Then199 is almost 200 and that helps me remember 821, and 821 helps me remember 1481.

Factors of 1481:

  • 1481 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1481 is prime.
  • 1481 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1481 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1481 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1481 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1481 is a prime number? If 1481 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1481. Since 1481 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 31, or 37, we know that 1481 is a prime number.

More about the Number 1481:

1481 is the sum of two squares:
35² + 16² = 1481.

1481 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
969-1120-1481, calculated from 35² – 16², 2(35)(16), 35² + 16².

Here’s another way we know that 1481 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 35² + 16² = 1481 with 35 and 16 having no common prime factors, 1481 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1481. Since 1481 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, or 37, we know that 1481 is a prime number.

 

1471 and Level 3

Today’s Puzzle:

There is only one factor that will work with the clue in the top row of this level 3 puzzle. Find it, then work your way down row by row until you have found all the factors. There is only one solution.

Factors of 147

  • 1471 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1471 is prime.
  • 1471 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1471 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1471 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1471 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1471 is a prime number? If 1471 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1471. Since 1471 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 31, or 37, we know that 1471 is a prime number.

Another Fact about the Number 1471:

1471 is the 21st centered heptagonal number because
(7(21²)-7(21)+2)/2 = 1471.

1459 and Level 4

Today’s Puzzle:

Can you place the numbers 1 to 10 in both the first column and the top row so that those numbers are the factors of the given clues? You might surprise yourself with how well you do!

Factors of 1459:

  • 1459 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1459 is prime.
  • 1459 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1459 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1459 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1459 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1459 is a prime number? If 1459 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1459. Since 1459 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 31, or 37, we know that 1459 is a prime number.

Other Facts about the number 1459:

1459 is the difference of two squares:
730² – 729² = 1459

From Stetson.edu we learn this chilling cubic fact:
1³ + 4³ + 5³ + 9³ = 919, and
9³ + 1³ + 9³ = 1459

 

1453 Happy Birthday, Jo Morgan

Who Is Jo Morgan?

Jo Morgan is an inspiring mathematics teacher, collaborator, tweeter, blogger, podcast guest, and author. Today is her birthday!

Jo recently published her first book, A Compendium of Mathematical Methodsand it is all the rage on twitter. Here is a small sampling of tweets expressing excitement for her book:

I can hardly wait until February 4th when Amazon makes it available in the United States!

Jo has enjoyed solving some of my puzzles, so to commemorate her birthday, I’ve made one especially for her. To solve this puzzle, write the numbers 1 to 10 in each of the four sections outlined in bold so that those numbers are the factors of the product clues given in each of the four mixed-up multiplication tables that make up the puzzle. Use logic to solve the puzzle, but I’m warning you, it won’t be easy.

Happy birthday, Jo! I hope you enjoy the puzzle!

Find the Factors 1 – 10 Birthday Challenge Puzzle:

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 Factors 1443-1453

Factors of 1453:

It is convenient for puzzles to be numbered, and this puzzle number is 1453. Here are a few facts about that number:

  • 1453 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1453 is prime.
  • 1453 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1453 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1453 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1453 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1453 is a prime number? If 1453 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1453. Since 1453 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 31, or 37, we know that 1453 is a prime number.

Other Facts about the Number 1453:

1453 is the sum of two squares:
38² + 3² = 1453

That means 1453 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
228-1435-1453 calculated from 2(38)(3), 38² – 3², 38² + 3².

Here’s another way we know that 1453 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 38² + 3² = 1453 with 38 and 3 having no common prime factors, 1453 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1453. Since 1453 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, or 37, we know that 1453 is a prime number.