1123 and Level 2

All the clues in one of the rows of this Level 2 puzzle are prime numbers. The only common factor they have is 1. That fact will get you started with this puzzle which I am sure you can complete if you just give it a try!

1123 is also a prime number. Here are some facts about it.

  • 1123 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1123 is prime.
  • The exponent of prime number 1123 is 1. Adding 1 to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1123 has exactly 2 factors.
  • Factors of 1123: 1, 1123
  • Factor pairs: 1123 = 1 × 1123
  • 1123 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1123 ≈ 33.51119

How do we know that 1123 is a prime number? If 1123 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1123 ≈ 33.5. Since 1123 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 or 31, we know that 1123 is a prime number.

Stetson.edu reminds us that 1, 1, 2, 3 are the first four numbers in the Fibonacci sequence.

1123 is the sum of five consecutive prime numbers:
211 + 223 + 227 + 229 + 233 = 1123

1123 is palindrome 797 in BASE 12 because 7(12²) + 9(12) + 7(1) = 1123, and
it’s repdigit 111 in BASE 33 because 33² + 33 + 1 = 1123

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1117 and Level 5

Can you solve this Level 5 puzzle or will it make you feel like toast? Seriously, I think it’s a little easier than the previous puzzle, so give it a try. You might just become the toast of the town!

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 1111-1119

Now I’ll share some information about the number 1117:

  • 1117 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1117 is prime.
  • The exponent of prime number 1117 is 1. Adding 1 to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1117 has exactly 2 factors.
  • Factors of 1117: 1, 1117
  • Factor pairs: 1117 = 1 × 1117
  • 1117 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1117 ≈ 33.42155

How do we know that 1117 is a prime number? If 1117 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1117 ≈ 33.4. Since 1117 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 or 31, we know that 1117 is a prime number.

26² + 21² = 1117

1117 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
235-1092-1117 calculated from 26² – 21², 2(26)(21), 26² + 21²

Here’s another way we know that 1117 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 26² + 21² = 1117 with 26 and 21 having no common prime factors, 1117 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1117 ≈ 33.4. Since 1117 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, or 29, we know that 1117 is a prime number.

1117 is palindrome 151 in BASE 31 because 1(31²) + 5(31) + 1(1) = 1117

1103 and Level 2

The fourteen clues you see in this puzzle are all you need to find all the factors from 1 to 10 and complete the multiplication table. Can you find all those factors?

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-1102-1110

Here are some facts about the number 1103:

  • 1103 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1103 is prime.
  • The exponent of prime number 1103 is 1. Adding 1 to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1103 has exactly 2 factors.
  • Factors of 1103: 1, 1103
  • Factor pairs: 1103 = 1 × 1103
  • 1103 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1103 ≈ 33.21144

How do we know that 1103 is a prime number? If 1103 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1103 ≈ 33.2. Since 1103 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 or 31, we know that 1103 is a prime number.

1103 is the sum of the nineteen prime numbers from 19 to 101.

1103 is palindrome 191 in BASE 29 because 1(29²) + 9(29) + 1(1) = 1103

1097 and Level 3

72 and 27 are mirror images of each other. What is the largest number that will divide evenly into both of them? Put the answer to that question under the x, and you will have completed the first step in solving this multiplication table puzzle.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 1095-1101

Here’s a little bit more about the number 1097:

  • 1097 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1097 is prime.
  • The exponent of prime number 1097 is 1. Adding 1 to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1097 has exactly 2 factors.
  • Factors of 1097: 1, 1097
  • Factor pairs: 1097 = 1 × 1097
  • 1097 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1097 ≈ 33.12099

How do we know that 1097 is a prime number? If 1097 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1097 ≈ 33.1. Since 1097 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 or 31, we know that 1097 is a prime number.

1097 is the final prime number in the prime triplet, 1091-1093-1097.

1097 is the sum of two squares:
29² + 16² = 1097

1097 is the hypotenuse of a primitive Pythagorean triple:
585-928-1097 calculated from 29² – 16², 2(29)(16), 29² + 16²

Here’s another way we know that 1097 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 29² + 16² = 1097 with 29 and 16 having no common prime factors, 1097 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1097 ≈ 33.1. Since 1097 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, or 29, we know that 1097 is a prime number.

 

 

1093 is a STAR!

(12 × 13 × 14)/2 = 1092 and that makes 1093 a STAR!

1092 had more than its fair share of factors forcing 1093 to have only two factors, but that’s okay because 1093 is a beautiful STAR! Why is it a STAR? Because 1093 is one more than 12 times the 13th triangular number. Do you see those 12 triangles in the image above? Each of them has the same number of tiny squares. The yellow square in the center is the plus one that completes the star.

There are some other reasons why 1093 deserves a gold star:

Not every prime number is in a twin prime, but 1091 and 1093 are twin primes. Even fewer are part of a prime triplet, but those twin primes are part of TWO prime triplets: the 31st and the 32nd! That’s because 1087, 1091, 1093, and 1097 are all prime numbers.

  • 1093 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1093 is prime.
  • The exponent of prime number 1093 is 1. Adding 1 to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1093 has exactly 2 factors.
  • Factors of 1093: 1, 1093
  • Factor pairs: 1093 = 1 × 1093
  • 1093 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1093 ≈ 33.03329

How do we know that 1093 is a prime number? If 1093 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1093 ≈ 33.1. Since 1093 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 or 31, we know that 1093 is a prime number.

1093 is the sum of two squares:
33² + 2² = 1093

It is the hypotenuse of a primitive Pythagorean triple:
132-1085-1093 calculated from 2(33)(2), 33² – 2², 33² + 2²

Here’s another way we know that 1093 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 33² + 2² = 1093 with 33 and 2 having no common prime factors, 1093 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1093 ≈ 33.1. Since 1093 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, or 29, we know that 1093 is a prime number.

3⁶ + 3⁵ + 3⁴ + 3³ + 3² + 3¹ + 3⁰ = 1093 so 1093 is represented by 1111111 in BASE 3. That also means that 2(1093) + 1 = 3⁷.

1093 is a palindrome in two bases:
1G1 in BASE 26 (G is 16 base 10) because 26² + 16(26) + 1 = 1093, and
1B1 in BASE 28 (B is 11 base 10) because 28² + 11(28) + 1 = 1093

From Stetson.edu and Wikipedia, we learn something quite unique about 1093 – that it is the smaller of the two known Wieferich primes, 1093 and 3511.

Wow! 1093 truly is a STAR!

 

1091 and Level 5

Can you figure out where to put all the numbers from 1 to 10 in both the first column and the top row so that those factors and the clues can become a multiplication table? Some of the clues might be a little tricky, but I’m sure you can figure them all out.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-1087-1094

Here are a few facts about the number 1091:

  • 1091 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1091 is prime.
  • The exponent of prime number 1091 is 1. Adding 1 to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1091 has exactly 2 factors.
  • Factors of 1091: 1, 1091
  • Factor pairs: 1091 = 1 × 1091
  • 1091 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1091 ≈ 33.03029

How do we know that 1091 is a prime number? If 1091 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1091 ≈ 33. Since 1091 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 or 31, we know that 1091 is a prime number.

1091 is the first prime number in the prime triplet (1091, 1093, 1097). It is also the middle number in the prime triplet (1087, 1091, 1093).

1091 looks interesting when it is written in some other bases:
It’s 13331 in BASE 5 because 1(5⁴) + 3(5³) + 3(5²) + 3(5) + 1(1) = 1091,
3D3 in BASE 17 (D is 13 base 10) because 3(17²) + 13(17) + 3(1) = 1091,
and it’s 123 in BASE 32 because 1(32²) + 2(32) + 3(1) = 1091

1087 and Level 3

Using logic, start with the clue on the top row and work yourself down row by row filling in the appropriate factors while you go. You might find this level 3 puzzle a little tricky near the bottom of the puzzle, so I didn’t want to wait to share it with you. Happy factoring!

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-1087-1094

1087 is the first prime since 1069, which was 18 numbers ago! What else can I tell you about it?

  • 1087 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1087 is prime.
  • The exponent of prime number 1087 is 1. Adding 1 to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1087 has exactly 2 factors.
  • Factors of 1087: 1, 1087
  • Factor pairs: 1087 = 1 × 1087
  • 1087 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1087 ≈ 32.96968

How do we know that 1087 is a prime number? If 1087 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1087 ≈ 33. Since 1087 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 or 31, we know that 1087 is a prime number.

1087 is also palindrome 767 in BASE 12 because
7(12²) + 6(12) + 7(1) = 1087

1063 and Level 1

Lucky you found this puzzle today! You can solve it by writing the factors 1 to 12 in both the first column and the top row so that the given clues are the products of the corresponding factors.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 1063-1072

Now I’ll share a little information about the number 1063:

  • 1063 is a prime number. 1061 and 1063 are twin primes.
  • Prime factorization: 1063 is prime.
  • The exponent of prime number 1063 is 1. Adding 1 to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1063 has exactly 2 factors.
  • Factors of 1063: 1, 1063
  • Factor pairs: 1063 = 1 × 1063
  • 1063 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1063 ≈ 32.60368

How do we know that 1063 is a prime number? If 1063 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1063 ≈ 32.6. Since 1063 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 or 31, we know that 1063 is a prime number.

1063 is the sum of seven consecutive prime numbers:
137 + 139 + 149 + 151 + 157 + 163 + 167 = 1063

1063 is a high flying palindrome in one other base:
It’s 747 in BASE 12 because 7(12²) + 4(12) + 7(1) = 1063

1061 and Level 5

Study the clues in the puzzle below. If you begin with the right set of clues, the puzzle can be solved quite easily, but if you don’t, you might get tripped up. Good luck!

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-1054-1062

Here are a few facts about the number 1061:

  • 1061 is a prime number. 1061 and 1063 are twin primes.
  • Prime factorization: 1061 is prime.
  • The exponent of prime number 1061 is 1. Adding 1 to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1061 has exactly 2 factors.
  • Factors of 1061: 1, 1061
  • Factor pairs: 1061 = 1 × 1061
  • 1061 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1061 ≈ 32.57299

How do we know that 1061 is a prime number? If 1061 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1061 ≈ 32.6. Since 1061 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 or 31, we know that 1061 is a prime number.

1061 is the sum of the 17 prime numbers from 29 to 101, and it also is the sum of these three consecutive prime numbers: 349 + 353 + 359 = 1061

31² + 10² = 1061 so 1061 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
620-861-1061, a primitive calculated from 2(31)(10), 31² – 10², 31² + 10²

Here’s another way we know that 1061 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 31² + 10² = 1061 with 31 and 10 having no common prime factors, 1061 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1061 ≈ 32.6. Since 1061 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, or 29, we know that 1061 is a prime number.

 

 

 

 

1051 is the 21st Centered Pentagonal Number

1051 is the 21st centered pentagonal number. It is exactly 100 more than the previous centered pentagonal number because there are exactly 100 little blue squares on the outside-most pentagon in the graphic below.

Can you see the five triangles surrounding the center square? Each of them has the same number of tiny squares and indicates that 1051 is 1 more than five times the 20th triangular number:
1 + 5(20)(21)/2 = 1 + 50(21) = 1051

1049 and 1051 are twin primes.

  • 1051 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1051 is prime.
  • The exponent of prime number 1051 is 1. Adding 1 to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1051 has exactly 2 factors.
  • Factors of 1051: 1, 1051
  • Factor pairs: 1051 = 1 × 1051
  • 1051 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1051 ≈ 32.41913

How do we know that 1051 is a prime number? If 1051 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1051 ≈ 32.4. Since 1051 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 or 31, we know that 1051 is a prime number.

1051 is a palindrome when it is written in three other bases:
It’s 737 in BASE 12 because 7(144) + 3(12) + 7(1) = 1051,
1H1 in BASE 25 (H is 17 base 10) because 25² +17(25) + 1 = 1051, and
151 in BASE 30 because 30² + 5(30) + 1 = 1051