## A Multiplication Based Logic Puzzle

### 557 Hungarian Genealogy Dictionaries

For many years I’ve used this Hungarian Genealogy Word List from FamilySearch to assist me as I’ve researched my family’s Hungarian genealogy.

This week I found another online Hungarian-English Dictionary. I really like this particular one because for each letter of the alphabet it gives a separate list of diseases beginning with that letter. Knowing the names of diseases in Hungarian is very helpful when looking looking at death records because often the cause of death is listed on the record.

If you are interested in word lists for some other language, you should be able to find it at FamilySearch.org.

Between those two word lists and an old Hungarian-English dictionary a genealogist friend gave me, I can find the meaning of most words I see. Sometimes I still have to ask my son who speaks Hungarian fluently for assistance, and sometimes the handwriting is so bad that even he can’t read it, but for the most part we are able to read and understand the records.

FamilySearch included a chart to help people recognize the names of Hungarian months found in the records. When I looked at our family’s records, I sometimes found month names that were not included on their chart, so I expanded the table to include some of these other names, too. The chart is not very difficult to read: the first column is in English, and the last column is in modern Hungarian and looks quite similar to English.

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557 is the sum of two squares: 557 = 14^2 + 19^2

557 is the hypotenuse of the primitive Pythagorean triple 165-532-557.

• 557 is a prime number.
• Prime factorization: 557 is prime and cannot be factored.
• The exponent of prime number 557 is 1. Adding 1 to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 557 has exactly 2 factors.
• Factors of 557: 1, 557
• Factor pairs: 557 = 1 x 557
• 557 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √557 ≈ 23.6008

How do we know that 557 is a prime number? If 557 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √557 ≈ 23.6. Since 557 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, or 23, we know that 557 is a prime number.

#### Comments on: "557 Hungarian Genealogy Dictionaries" (6)

1. Your article was probably not intended to be funny, but it made me laugh out loud. With Nerd in the Brain obsessively visiting cemeteries, and you compiling databases of fatal diseases, I sense a dark mood on the blogs I follow 🙂
Out of interest, what were the most common causes of death in Hungary in the time periods you have studied? And at what ages did people typically die?

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• I haven’t kept a list and tally for statistical purpose, but some of the causes of death that stand out in my mind are weakness (for both infants and the elderly), old age, cholera, and small pox.

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• I find it very interesting how these things have changed. Not only are most of those obsolete now, but many were probably never real medical conditions (old age and weakness seem simply to be an admission that nobody knew the real cause.)

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2. It occurs to me that you have probably never visited Hungary. I’ve been to Budapest twice, and sailed up the Danube to Esztergom and saw the basilica there. It’s a very beautiful country. Budapest is a must-see if you ever come to Europe.

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• I spent a weekend in Budapest in 2012, and I absolutely loved it there. I also spent nights in Nyíregyháza, Miskolc, and Debrecen as well as nights in Košice, Slovakia and Timișoara, Romania. (Both of those cities used to be part of Hungary). I had a wonderful time visiting those cities and many smaller cities and towns where my husband’s ancestors grew up. I agree Hungary is very beautiful and I want so much to return.

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• Ah! You have visited the country far more than me! I would definitely like to return when my children are older.

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