A Multiplication Based Logic Puzzle

Posts tagged ‘Education’

65 is the Magic Sum of a 5 x 5 Magic Square

65 is a composite number. 65 = 1 x 65 or 5 x 13. Factors of 65: 1, 5, 13, 65. Prime factorization: 65 = 5 x 13.

65 – 56 = 9, a square number and 65+56 = 121, another square number. Stetson.edu informs us that 65 and 56 are the smallest pair of mirror image numbers that produce a square number when either added or subtracted.

65 = (1 + 2 + 3 +. . . + 23 + 24 + 25)/5 so it is the magic sum of a 5 × 5 magic square. I solved this 5×5 magic square game using a time honored algorithm. Notice that 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15 are on a diagonal. Actually all of the numbers are sort of on a diagonal if you follow the instructions given here. Also notice that the first number, 1, is in the center of the top row and the last number, 25, is in the center of the bottom row.

You can try to solve it, too. You will know you have solved it when the sum of each row, column, and diagonal totals 65.

65 is also the sum of two squares two different ways:

  • 8² + 1² = 65
  • 7² + 4² = 65

That makes 65 the hypotenuse of FOUR Pythagorean triples:

  • 16-63-65 which was calculated from 2(8)(1), 8² – 1², 8² + 1²
  • 25-60-65 which is 5 times 5-12-13
  • 33-56-65 which was calculated from 7² – 4², 2(7)(4), 7² + 4²
  • 39-52-65 which is 13 times 3-4-5

 

 

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7 Spaghetti and Meatballs for All!

7 is a prime number. 7 = 1 x 7. Its only factors are 1 and 7. Prime factorization: none.

How do we know that 7 is a prime number? The square root of 7 is an irrational number approximately equal to 2.65. If 7 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to 2.65. Since 7 is not divisible by 2, it is a prime number.

When 7 is a clue in the FIND THE FACTORS puzzles, one factor will be 7 and the other will be 1.

Spaghetti and Meatballs for All! by Marilyn Burns is a delightful story, the kind that children enjoy hearing over and over again.

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I work at a Leader in Me school, where we promote the Seven Habits. I used this book when I taught about habit 4, think win-win. When we think win-win, we do not allow someone to “step on us’ to give them a win. Mrs. Comfort’s relatives stepped on her over and over again, and they didn’t even realize it. Finally she cried, “I give up!” and planted herself on a chair. She definitely felt like she was losing. The class listened to the story intently trying to identify places where the Seven Habits were used or could have been used. We had a great discussion afterwards. Also since the book did not use the words, “area” or “perimeter” at all, the class hardly realized that the story was also about those concepts. When we followed the suggestions at the back of the book, the class was able to learn about perimeter and area as we had a great discussion about those topics as well. 

2013-11-18

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