A Multiplication Based Logic Puzzle

Posts tagged ‘Prime factorization’

964 Bow and Arrow

You can google lots of images of bows and arrows related to Thanksgiving. Perhaps that is because Indians from the Wampanoag Nation joined the Pilgrims in what we call the first Thanksgiving. I’m sure you know the story very well told from the white man’s point of view. It will be well worth your time to read The REAL Story of Thanksgiving as well.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 959-967

 

Now I’ll tell you a little about the number 964:

964 is the sum of the fourteen prime numbers from 41 to 101.

It is also the sum of four consecutive prime numbers:
233 + 239 + 241 + 251 = 964

30² + 8²  = 964 making it the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
480-836-964 which is 4 times (120-209-241)

964 is a palindrome in 2 bases and a repdigit in another.
1022201 in BASE 3
7A7 in BASE 11 (A is 10 in base 10)
444 in BASE 15

  • 964 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 964 = 2 × 2 × 241, which can be written 964 = 2² × 241
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 2 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (2 + 1)(1 + 1) = 3 × 2  = 6. Therefore 964 has exactly 6 factors.
  • Factors of 964: 1, 2, 4, 241, 482, 964
  • Factor pairs: 964 = 1 × 964, 2 × 482, or 4 × 241
  • Taking the factor pair with the largest square number factor, we get √964 = (√4)(√241) = 2√241 ≈ 31.048349

Advertisements

963 Arrow

The numbers 1 to 12 fit someplace in the first column as well as in the top row.  Can you figure out where those places are so that this puzzle can become a multiplication table?

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 959-967

Now I’d like to mention a few things about the number 963:

It is the sum of the 24 prime numbers from 2 to 89. Pretty cool!

I like the way 963 looks in base 10 as well as in a few other bases:
33003 in BASE 4 because 3(4⁴) + 3(4³) + 3(1) = 3 × 321 = 963
3C3 in BASE 16 (C is 12 in base 10) because 3(16²) + 12(16) + 3(1) = 963
1B1 in BASE 26 (B is 11 in base 10) because 1(26²) + 11(26) + 1(1) = 963
123 in BASE 30 because 1(30²) + 2(30¹) + 3(30⁰) = 963

  • 963 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 963 = 3 × 3 × 107, which can be written 963 = 3² × 107
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 2 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (2 + 1)(1 + 1) = 3 × 2  = 6. Therefore 963 has exactly 6 factors.
  • Factors of 963: 1, 3, 9, 107, 321, 963
  • Factor pairs: 963 = 1 × 963, 3 × 321, or 9 × 107
  • Taking the factor pair with the largest square number factor, we get √963 = (√9)(√107) = 3√107 ≈ 31.03224

962 Buckle Up, Pilgrim

Perhaps the most distinctive element of the pilgrims’ wardrobe is the buckle. We see it around the men’s waists, on their shoes, and on their hats. At least we do we if are looking at pilgrim costumes. It probably didn’t play as prominent a role on their actual clothes. Nevertheless, it is featured here on today’s puzzle. So buckle up and see where this puzzle takes you.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 959-967

Here are a few facts about the number 962:

It is the sum of two squares two different ways:
31² +  1² = 962
29² +  11² =  962

It is also the hypotenuse of four Pythagorean triples:
62-960-962, calculated from 2(31)(1), 31² –  1², 31² +  1²
312-910-962, which is 2 times (156-455-481)
370-888-962, which is 2 times (185-444-481)
638-720-962, calculated from 2(29)(11), 29² –  11², 29² +  11²

It looks interesting in a few other bases:
4242 BASE 6
282 BASE 20
101 BASE 31
QQ BASE 36 (Q is 26 in base 10)

  • 962 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 962 = 2 × 13 × 37
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 1, and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8. Therefore 962 has exactly 8 factors.
  • Factors of 962: 1, 2, 13, 26, 37, 74, 481, 962
  • Factor pairs: 962 = 1 × 962, 2 × 481, 13 × 74, or 26 × 37
  • 962 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √962 ≈ 31.01612

959 and Level 1

Whether you are young, old, or in between, if you can do some simple division, then you can solve this level 1 puzzle. There is a column of clues and a row of clues. Both of them have the same common factor. Write that common factor in the first column to the left of the row of clues and again in the top row above the column of clues. Then simply divide. You will be done in no time at all.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 959-967

Here are some facts about the number 957:

959 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
616-735-959 which is 7 times (88-105-137)

959 is a palindrome in base 10.

And it is a cool-looking 1110111111 in BASE 2
because (2¹⁰ – 1) – 2⁶ = 959.
In base 2 we would write (if we use commas)
1,111,111,111 – 1,000,000 = 1,110,111,111

  • 959 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 959 = 7 × 137
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 959 has exactly 4 factors.
  • Factors of 959: 1, 7, 137, 959
  • Factor pairs: 959 = 1 × 959 or 7 × 137
  • 959 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √959 ≈ 30.967725

 

958 and Level 6

This puzzle is a multiplication table. You don’t have to be fast to solve it, but you do have to think. There is only one solution. The ten clues given are sufficient to find the places to put the factors 1 to 10 in the first column and the top row. Good luck!

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-951-958

958 is the sum of the 22 prime numbers from 5 to 89.

958 is also 141 in BASE 29 because 1(29²) + 4(29¹) + 1(29⁰) = 958

  • 958 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 958 = 2 × 479
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 958 has exactly 4 factors.
  • Factors of 958: 1, 2, 479, 958
  • Factor pairs: 958 = 1 × 958 or 2 × 479
  • 958 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √958 ≈ 30.951575

957 Mystery Pentagon Puzzle

Pentagons have been on my mind this week so here is another puzzle with a pentagon in it. This time the pentagon is small. How difficult is this Mystery Level puzzle?  That depends on if you recognize one very important piece of logic needed to solve it. If you see that logic, it’s not too bad. If you don’t, it might do you in.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-951-958

957 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
660-693-957 which is (20-21-29) times 33

957 is repdigit TT in BASE 32 (T is 29 base 10)
because 29(32) + 29(1) = 29(32 + 1) = 29(33) = 957
957 is also T0 in BASE 33 because 29(33) + 0(1) = 957

  • 957 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 957 = 3 × 11 × 29
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 1, and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8. Therefore 957 has exactly 8 factors.
  • Factors of 957: 1, 3, 11, 29, 33, 87, 319, 957
  • Factor pairs: 957 = 1 × 957, 3 × 319, 11 × 87, or 29 × 33
  • 957 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √957 ≈ 30.9354

956 A Pentagonal Puzzle for Paula Beardell Krieg

Paula Beardell Krieg likes mathematics. She is also an expert paper folder. Lately, she has been turning pentagons into five-point stars. Here are a couple of her recent twitter posts:

https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js

https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js

On Monday I wrote about a centered pentagonal number and included a graphic. Paula saw the post and tweeted:

https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js

Paula followed through and made my graphic into a beautiful five-point star:

https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js

There is nothing like trying to do origami for the first time to make me realize how irregular my pentagon graphic is. I would call my first attempt an epic fail. Sorry, I didn’t take any pictures.

However, before I started folding anything, I made this puzzle for Paula because she inspired me to make a puzzle with a pentagon in it. I needed the puzzle to be at least a 13 x 13 puzzle to get the large pentagon in it, but I decided to make it a 14 x 14 instead. It’s a level 5 so there will be some tricky parts, especially since most of the multiples of 7 in the puzzle are also multiples of 14. Don’t let that stop you from trying to solve it.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-951-958

Anyways, after making the puzzle and making my epic fail star, I made this closer-to-regular pentagon on my computer:

 

I made a star using it. It looked pretty good so I decided to give my graphic of centered pentagonal number 951 a second try.  I cut it to make it more regular. Then I followed the directions on the video Paula recommended. My previous folds caused me some problems, but I was able to make something that looks like a star. It isn’t as good as Paula’s, especially on the back, but I’m okay with it. Here are pictures, front and back, of both stars I made (flaws and all):

Now since this is my 956 post, I will share some information about that number:

956 is a palindrome in two other bases:
4C4 BASE 14 (C is 12 base 10) because 4(14²) + 12(14¹) + 4(14⁰) = 956
2H2 BASE 18 (H is 17 base 10) because 2(18²) + 17(18¹) + 2(18⁰) = 956

  • 956 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 956 = 2 × 2 × 239, which can be written 956 = 2² × 239
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 2 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (2 + 1)(1 + 1) = 3 × 2  = 6. Therefore 956 has exactly 6 factors.
  • Factors of 956: 1, 2, 4, 239, 478, 956
  • Factor pairs: 956 = 1 × 956, 2 × 478, or 4 × 239
  • Taking the factor pair with the largest square number factor, we get √956 = (√4)(√239) = 2√239 ≈ 30.9192

 

Tag Cloud