A Multiplication Based Logic Puzzle

Archive for the ‘Mystery Level Puzzle’ Category

1030 Cupid’s Arrow

Love can often be like a puzzle. When cupid’s arrow hits its mark, at first everything might seem to fall into place, but before long, love starts getting complicated and has to be figured out.

That’s the way this Cupid’s Arrow puzzle is, too. It’s easy to find the logic to start it, but then the logic will be more difficult to see. May you be able to figure out this puzzle as well as the important relationships in your life!

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 1028-1034

What can I tell you about the number 1030?

It’s the sum of two consecutive prime numbers:
509 + 521 = 1030

It’s the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
618-824-1030 which is (3-4-5) times 206

It’s palindrome 1102011 in BASE 3 because 3⁶ + 3⁵ + 2(3³) + 3¹ + 3⁰ = 1030

  • 1030 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1030 = 2 × 5 × 103
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 1, and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8. Therefore 1030 has exactly 8 factors.
  • Factors of 1030: 1, 2, 5, 10, 103, 206, 515, 1030
  • Factor pairs: 1030 = 1 × 1030, 2 × 515, 5 × 206, or 10 × 103
  • 1030 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1030 ≈ 32.09361

 

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1029 A Rose for Your Valentine

A dozen roses can be pretty pricey around Valentine’s Day, but at least one website asserts that a single rose can make just as big a statement and just as big an impact. Today’s mystery level puzzle looks like a single rose. I hope you will enjoy its beauty even if its thorns are prickly.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 1028-1034

Here are a few facts about the number 1029:

It’s easy to see that 1029 can be evenly divided by 3 because 1 + 0 + 2 + 9 = 12, a number divisible by 3.

It’s not quite as easy to tell that it can be evenly divided by 7:
It is because 102 – 2(9) = 102 – 18 = 84, a number divisible by 7.

I like the way 1029 looks when it is written in some other bases:
It’s 4433 in BASE 6 because 4(6³) + 4(6²) + 3(6¹) + 3(6⁰) = 4(216 + 36) + 3(6 + 1) = 1029,
3000 in BASE 7 because 3(7³) = 3(343) = 1029,
399 in BASE 17 because 3(17²) + 9(17) + 9(1) = 3(289 + 51 + 3) = 3(343) = 1029
333 in BASE 18 because 3(18² + 18 + 1) = 3(343) = 1029

  • 1029 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1029 = 3 × 7 × 7 × 7, which can be written 1029 = 3 × 7³
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 3. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(3 + 1) = 2 × 4 = 8. Therefore 1029 has exactly 8 factors.
  • Factors of 1029: 1, 3, 7, 21, 49, 147, 343, 1029
  • Factor pairs: 1029 = 1 × 1029, 3 × 343, 7 × 147, or 21 × 49
  • Taking the factor pair with the largest square number factor, we get √1029 = (√49)(√21) = 7√21 ≈ 32.07803

 

1028 A Valentine Mystery

Valentine’s Day is almost here so I’ve made three Valentine related puzzles this week. I’ve labeled all of three of them Mystery Level because you might find some of them to be difficult. Use logic and an ordinary 12 × 12 multiplication table. I promise that each one of them can be solved, and I hope that you LOVE working on them! There will be some easier puzzles later on in the week.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 1028-1034

Let me tell you a little about the number 1028:

32² + 2² = 1028 so 1028 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
128-1020-1028 which is 4 times (32-255-257) and can be calculated from 2(32)(2), 32² – 2², 32² + 2²

1028 is a palindrome when it is written in a couple of different bases:
404 in BASE 16 because 4(16²) + 4(1) = 4(257) = 1028
2G2 in BASE 19 (G is 16 base 10) because 2(19²) + 16(19) + 2(1) = 1028

  • 1028 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1028 = 2 × 2 × 257, which can be written 1028 = 2² × 257
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 2 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (2 + 1)(1 + 1) = 3 × 2  = 6. Therefore 1028 has exactly 6 factors.
  • Factors of 1028: 1, 2, 4, 257, 514, 1028
  • Factor pairs: 1028 = 1 × 1028, 2 × 514, or 4 × 257
  • Taking the factor pair with the largest square number factor, we get √1028 = (√4)(√257) = 2√257 ≈ 32.062439

 

1026 One Last Mystery

I made a week’s worth of mystery level puzzles, and today’s puzzle is the last one in the set. Find the Factors of the clues in this puzzle by using logic and your knowledge of the multiplication table. It may not be easy for you, but give it a try anyway. If you find it too difficult, I will soon publish some more easier-level puzzles.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-1019-1027

Now let me share a few facts about the number 1026:

1026 is the sum of the fourteen prime numbers from 43 to 103.

I like the way 1026 looks when it is written in these other bases:
It’s 2002 in BASE 8,
396 in BASE 17,
330 in BASE 18,
1G1 in BASE 25 (G is 16 base 10), and
123 in BASE 31

  • 1026 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1026 = 2 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 38, which can be written 1026 = 2 × 3³ × 38
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 3, and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(3 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 4 × 2 = 16. Therefore 1026 has exactly 16 factors.
  • Factors of 1026: 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18, 19, 27, 38, 54, 57, 114, 171, 342, 513, 1026
  • Factor pairs: 1026 = 1 × 1026, 2 × 513, 3 × 342, 6 × 171, 9 × 114, 18 × 57, 19 × 54, or 27 × 38
  • Taking the factor pair with the largest square number factor, we get √1026 = (√9)(√114) = 3√114 ≈ 32.03123

1025 Mystery Date

It is a mystery why we in the United States write our dates “month-day-year”. It makes about as much sense as saying larger, large, largest or better, good, best. Nevertheless, it is what it is.

So today in the United States it is 2-7-18, the e-day of the century. It’s not quite as exciting as 2-7-1828 might have been, but still pretty exciting. e is also known as Euler’s number, and like pi, it is an irrational number. A college professor of mine taught me how to remember its first few digits by remembering 2.7, the year 1828 twice, and 45-90-45 (that very important isosceles triangle). Thus, e ≈ 2.718281828459045.

The difficulty level of today’s puzzle is also a mystery. Nevertheless, you can still solve it by applying logic and facts from a simple 10×10 multiplication table:

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-1019-1027

Here are a few facts about the number 1025:

1025 can be written as the sum of consecutive prime numbers two different ways:
97 + 101 + 103 + 107 + 109 + 113 + 127 + 131 + 137 = 2025; that’s nine consecutive prime numbers.
71 + 73 + 79 + 83 + 89 + 97 + 101 + 103 + 107 + 109 + 113 = 2025; that’s eleven consecutive prime numbers.

1025 is the sum of two squares three different ways:
25² + 20² = 1025
32² + 1² = 1025
31² + 8² = 1025

That previous fact contributes to the fact that 1025 is the hypotenuse of SEVEN Pythagorean triples:
64-1023-1025 calculated from 2(32)(1), 32² – 1², 32² + 1²
225-1000-1025 which is 25 times (9-40-41) and can also be calculated from 25² – 20², 2(25)(20), 25² + 20²
287-984-1025 which is (7-24-25) times 41
420-935-1025 which is 5 times (84-187-205)
496-897-1025 calculated from 2(31)(8), 31² + 8², 31² + 8²
615-820-1025 which is (3-4-5) times 205
665-780-1025 which is 5 times (133-156-205)

1025 is also a wonderful palindrome in three different bases.
10000000001 in BASE 2
100001 in BASE 4
101 in BASE 32

  • 1025 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1025 = 5 × 5 × 41, which can be written 1025 = 5² × 41
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 2 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (2 + 1)(1 + 1) = 3 × 2  = 6. Therefore 1025 has exactly 6 factors.
  • Factors of 1025: 1, 5, 25, 41, 205, 1025
  • Factor pairs: 1025 = 1 × 1025, 5 × 205, or 25 × 41
  • Taking the factor pair with the largest square number factor, we get √1025 = (√25)(√41) = 5√41 ≈ 32.01562

 

Mysterious 1023

2⁹ + 2⁸ + 2⁷ + 2⁶ + 2⁵ + 2⁴ + 2³ + 2² + 2¹ + 2⁰ = 1023. That makes 1023 a pretty cool and rather mysterious number.

This puzzle that I’ve numbered 1023 is pretty cool and mysterious, too. I’m sure you will enjoy solving it if you only use logic to find the solution.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-1019-1027

Here are some other fascinating facts about the number 1023:

It is formed by using a zero and three other consecutive numbers, so it is divisible by 3.

1 – 0 + 2 – 3 = 0, so 1023 is divisible by eleven.

31 × 33 = 1023 so (32 – 1)(32 + 1) = 1023, AND it is 32² – 1, making it one away from the next square number!

It is the sum of five consecutive prime numbers:
193 + 197 + 199 + 211 + 223 = 1023

1023 looks quite interesting when it is written in several different bases:
First of all, it’s 1111111111 in BASE 2 because it is the sum of the all those powers of 2 from 0 to 9 that were included at the top of this post.

It’s also 33333 in BASE 4 because 3(4⁴ + 4³ + 4² + 4¹ + 4⁰) = 3(341) = 1023.
That also means that 3(2⁸ + 2⁶ + 2⁴ + 2² + 2⁰) = 1023

It’s 393 in BASE 17 because 3(17²) + 9(17) + 3(1) = 1023,
VV in BASE 32 (V is 31 base 10) because 31(32) + 31(1) = 31(33) = 1023, and
V0 in BASE 33 because 31(33) = 1023

  • 1023 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1023 = 3 × 11 × 31
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 1, and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8. Therefore 1023 has exactly 8 factors.
  • Factors of 1023: 1, 3, 11, 31, 33, 93, 341, 1023
  • Factor pairs: 1023 = 1 × 1023, 3 × 341, 11 × 93, or 31 × 33
  • 1023 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1023 ≈ 31.98437

1022 Friedman Number Mystery

1022 is the 15th Friedman number. “What is a Friedman number and why is 1022 one of them?” you may ask. I will solve that little mystery for you. 1022 is a Friedman number because
2¹⁰ – 2 = 1022. Notice that the expression 2¹⁰ – 2 uses the digits 1, 0, 2, and 2 in some order and a subtraction sign. A Friedman number can be written as an expression that uses all of its own digits the exact number of times that they occur in the number. The expression must include at least one operator (+, -, ×, ÷) or a power. Parenthesis are allowed as long as the other rules are followed.

Now I would like you to solve the mystery of this puzzle using logic and the multiplication facts. Can you do it?

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-1019-1027

1022 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
672-770-1022 which is 14 times (48-55-73)

  • 1022 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1022 = 2 × 7 × 73
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 1, and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8. Therefore 1022 has exactly 8 factors.
  • Factors of 1022: 1, 2, 7, 14, 73, 146, 511, 1022
  • Factor pairs: 1022 = 1 × 1022, 2 × 511, 7 × 146, or 14 × 73
  • 1022 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1022 ≈ 31.96873

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