A Multiplication Based Logic Puzzle

Archive for the ‘Level 4 Puzzle’ Category

879 and Level 4

879 consists of three consecutive numbers, 7, 8, 9, so it is divisible by 3.

879 is the hypotenuse of Pythagorean triple 204-855-879 which is 3 times (68-285-293)

Print the puzzles or type the solution on this excel file: 10-factors-875-885

  • 879 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 879 = 3 × 293
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 879 has exactly 4 factors.
  • Factors of 879: 1, 3, 293, 879
  • Factor pairs: 879 = 1 × 879 or 3 × 293
  • 879 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √879 ≈ 29.64793

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872 and Level 4

26² + 14² = 872 so 872 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:

480-728-872 which can be calculated from 26² – 14², 2(26)(14), 26² + 14².

872 is the sum of consecutive prime numbers 433 and 439.

872 is also the sum of the 21 prime numbers from 3 to 79.

872! + 1 is a number much too big for any calculator I own, but Stetson.edu informs us that it is a prime number.

Print the puzzles or type the solution on this excel file: 12 factors 864-874

 

 

  • 872 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 872 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 109, which can be written 872 = 2³ × 109
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 3 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (3 + 1)(1 + 1) = 4 × 2 = 8. Therefore 872 has exactly 8 factors.
  • Factors of 872: 1, 2, 4, 8, 109, 218, 436, 872
  • Factor pairs: 872 = 1 × 872, 2 × 436, 4 × 218, or 8 × 109
  • Taking the factor pair with the largest square number factor, we get √872 = (√4)(√218) = 2√218 ≈ 29.529646

858 and Level 4

There are sixteen numbers less than 1000 that have four different prime factors. 858 is one of them, and it is the ONLY one that is also a palindrome. Thank you, Stetson.edu for alerting us to that fact. No smaller palindrome has four different prime factors!

The sixteen products on that chart each have exactly sixteen factors!

Here’s a Find the Factors 1-10 puzzle for you to solve:

Print the puzzles or type the solution on this excel file: 10-factors-853-863

Here’s a little more about the number 858:

858 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple: 330-792-858

  • 858 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 858 = 2 × 3 × 11 × 13
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 1, 1, and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 = 16. Therefore 858 has exactly 16 factors.
  • Factors of 858: 1, 2, 3, 6, 11, 13, 22, 26, 33, 39, 66, 78, 143, 286, 429, 858
  • Factor pairs: 858 = 1 × 858, 2 × 429, 3 × 286, 6 × 143, 11 × 78, 13 × 66, 22 × 39, or 26 × 33
  • 858 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √858 ≈ 29.291637

 

 

In Which Bases is 838 a Palindrome?

838 is a palindrome in base 10. Is it a palindrome in any other bases? Yes, two others.

  • 262 BASE 19 because 2(19²) + 6(19¹) + 2(19º) = 838
  • 141 BASE 27 because 1(27²) + 4(27¹) + 1(27º) = 838

There is only one way 838 can be written as the sum of consecutive numbers:

  • 208 + 209 + 210 + 211 = 838

Print the puzzles or type the solution on this excel file: 10-factors-835-842

  • 838 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 838 = 2 × 419
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 838 has exactly 4 factors.
  • Factors of 838: 1, 2, 419, 838
  • Factor pairs: 838 = 1 × 838 or 2 × 419
  • 838 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √838 ≈ 28.9482

 

 

832 and Level 4

Print the puzzles or type the solution on this excel file: 12 factors 829-834

832 has many factors, but it can be written as the sum of consecutive numbers only one way:

  • 58 + 59 + 60 + 61 + 62 + 63 + 64 + 65 + 66 + 67 + 68 + 69 + 70 = 832; that’s thirteen consecutive numbers.

832 can be written as the difference of two squares five different ways because it has five factor pairs in which both numbers are even:

  • 416 × 2 = 832 means 209² – 207² = 832
  • 208 × 4 = 832 means 106² – 102² = 832
  • 104 × 8 = 832 means 56² – 48² = 832
  • 52 × 16 = 832 means 34² – 18² = 832
  • 32 × 26 = 832 means 29² – 3² = 832

832 is also the sum of two squares:

  • 24² + 16² = 832

832 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:

  • 320-768-832 calculated from 24² – 16², 2(24)(16), 24² + 16²
  • 320-768-832 is also 64 times (5-12-13)

832 is repdigit QQ in BASE 31 (Q is 26 base 10). That’s because 26(31) + 26(1) = 832, which is the same as saying 26 × 32 = 832.

  • 832 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 832 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 7, which can be written 832 = 2⁶ × 7
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 6, and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (6 + 1)(1 + 1) = 7 × 2 = 14. Therefore 832 has exactly 14 factors.
  • Factors of 832: 1, 2, 4, 8, 13, 16, 26, 32, 52, 64, 104, 208, 416, 832
  • Factor pairs: 832 = 1 × 832, 2 × 416, 4 × 208, 8 × 104, 13 × 64, 16 × 52, or 26 × 32
  • Taking the factor pair with the largest square number factor, we get √832 = (√64)(√13) = 8√13 ≈ 28.8444102

How to Find Consecutive Numbers That Sum to 826

Most numbers greater than 2 can be written as the sum of consecutive numbers. How can you know what those consecutive numbers are? By factoring, of course! Let’s take 826 as an example.

To find consecutive numbers that add up to 826, we are only interested in its odd factors that are less than or equal to 40 AND its factor that is the greatest power of 2. (We arrived at the number 40 because the largest triangular number less than 826 is the 40th triangular number, 820. We could also find the number 40 if we round √(1 + 826×2) – 1 to the nearest whole number.)

The factor of 820 that is the greatest power of 2 is 2. When we double that greatest power of 2, we get 4. The odd factors of 826 that are less than or equal to 40 are 1 and 7. Now we don’t ever count a number being the sum of just 1 consecutive number. So for 826, we are interested in just three numbers, all of which are less than or equal to the maximum number allowable, 40. Those numbers are 7, 1×4, and 7×4.

Thus, we can conclude that 826 can be written as the sum of 4 consecutive numbers, 7 consecutive numbers, and 28 consecutive numbers. Can you figure out what all those consecutive numbers are? How are the consecutive number sums derived from an odd factor different from the sums derived from an even number?

I’ve written out the sum of 4 consecutive numbers as an example and given some hints to help you figure out or check your answer to those two questions:

  • 826÷4 = 206.5, and that number lies right smack in the middle of the 4 consecutive numbers that make this sum: 205 + 206 + 207 + 208 = 826. Note that 205 + 208 and 206 + 207 both add up to 413, a factor of 826.
  • 826÷7 = 118, which is the exact middle number of the 7 consecutive numbers that sum up to 826. Note that 7 × 118 = 826.
  • 826÷28 = 29.5 so the 14 numbers from 16 to 29 plus the 14 numbers from 30 to 43 make the 28 numbers from 16 to 43 that add up to 826. Note that 16 + 43 = 59, a factor of 826.

Here’s today’s puzzle:

Print the puzzles or type the solution on this excel file: 10-factors-822-828

In order for (821, 823, 827, 829) to be the 4th prime decade, 825 or one of the even numbers between 820 and 830 has to be divisible by 7.

826 is the one that answered that call. Here is the 7 divisibility trick applied to 826:

  • 82-2(6) = 70, a number divisible by 7, so 826 is divisible by 7.

Why does 826 become the palindrome 181 in BASE 25? Because 1(25²) + 8(25¹) + 1(25º) = 826

Let’s begin with 826’s factoring information:

  • 826 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 826 = 2 × 7 × 59
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 1, and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8. Therefore 826 has exactly 8 factors.
  • Factors of 826: 1, 2, 7, 14, 59, 118, 413, 826
  • Factor pairs: 826 = 1 × 826, 2 × 413, 7 × 118, or 14 × 59
  • 826 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √826 ≈ 28.7402

 

818 How Many Steps Do You Take Each Day?

My brother, Doug, recently visited me. He told me about his goal to get 11,000 steps every day. The American Heart Association recommends 10,000 steps a day.  Is it worth trying to get a thousand steps more than the recommended number?

My brother shared the cool mathematics of an 11,000 daily step goal with me, and now I want to share it with you:

Now I think 11,000 steps a day is a very worthy goal! It helps me see the big picture of 1,000,000 steps each quarter and 4,000,000 steps each year and that will help me be more likely to meet the 11,000 step goal EVERY day.

I wear a Fitbit to keep track of my steps everyday. A fellow blogger recently wrote a fun poem about wearing a Fitbit to keep track of steps, and it made me smile.

It will take you far fewer than 11,000 steps to complete this multiplication table puzzle. It isn’t the most difficult puzzle I make, but it can still be a challenge:

Print the puzzles or type the solution on this excel file: 12 factors 815-820

Now here is a little bit about the number 818:

  • 818 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 818 = 2 x 409
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 x 2 = 4. Therefore 818 has exactly 4 factors.
  • Factors of 818: 1, 2, 409, 818
  • Factor pairs: 818 = 1 x 818 or 2 x 409
  • 818 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √818 ≈ 600699

818 looks the same right side up or upside down so we call it is a strobogrammatic number.

23² +  17² = 818

Finally, 818 can be found in these two Pythagorean triple equations:

  • 240² + 782² = 818²
  • 818² + 167280² = 167282²

 

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