1550 Lucky for You: Solving This Puzzle Is as Easy as Climbing Down a Ladder

Today’s Puzzle:

It’s Friday the 13th, so don’t walk under any ladders! Still, there isn’t any reason to avoid them entirely. Because this ladder puzzle is a level 3, the clues are given in a logical order to help you find the solution. Start at the top of the ladder, find the common factor of 10 and 18, then work your way down the ladder rung by rung, writing all the numbers from 1 to 10 in both the first column and the top row until you reach the bottom of the ladder.  Good Luck!

Here’s the same puzzle with no colors to distract you.

Factors of 1550:

  • 1550 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1550 = 2 × 5 × 5 × 31, which can be written 1550 = 2 × 5² × 31
  • 1550 has at least one exponent greater than 1 in its prime factorization so √1550 can be simplified. Taking the factor pair from the factor pair table below with the largest square number factor, we get √1550 = (√25)(√62) = 5√62
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 2, and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(2 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 3 × 2 = 12. Therefore 1550 has exactly 12 factors.
  • The factors of 1550 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

1550 Factor Tree:

Here’s one of a few possible different factor trees for 1550:

More about the Number 1550:

1550 is the hypotenuse of TWO Pythagorean triples:
434-1488-1550, which is (7-24-25) times 62, and
930-1240-1550, which is (3-4-5) times 310.

1538 Second Letter of My Message

Today’s Puzzle:

This puzzle is the second letter in a message I want to give you. I will give more letters in a few days. How many letters will you need to figure out the message?

I gave you the clues of this level 3 multiplication table puzzle in an order that makes finding the solution easier. It can be solved by finding the common factor of the two clues in the first row of the puzzle and then working your way down the puzzle row by row until you have found all the factors from 1 to 12 for both the first column and the top row.

Factors of 1538:

  • 1538 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1538 = 2 × 769.
  • 1538 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1538 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 1538 has exactly 4 factors.
  • The factors of 1538 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

More about the Number 1538:

1538 is the sum of two squares:
37² + 13² = 1538.

1538 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
962-1200-1538 calculated from 2(37)(13), 37² – 13², 37² + 13².

1528 Candy Corn

Today’s Puzzle:

To solve this Level 3 Candy Corn Halloween puzzle, first, find the factors that will work with the clues in the top and bottom rows. Then work you way down row by row filling in factors as you go.

When you get to the 8 in this puzzle, will the factors be 8 × 1 or 4 × 2? Two of those factors will be eliminated because they already appear in the first column. The other two remain possibilities, but one of those factors cannot appear in any other place in that first column, so that is the one you will want to choose. Have a sweet time solving this puzzle!

Here is a plain version of the same puzzle:

Factors of 1528:

1528 is divisible by two because it is even.

1528 is divisible by four because its last two digits (in the same order) make a number, 28, which is divisible by 4.

Can 1528 be evenly divided by 8? Yes. Here’s a quick way to know: 28 is divisible by 4, but not by 8, AND 5 is odd, so 1528 is divisible by 8, as is every other number ending in 528.

  • 1528 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1528 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 191, which can be written 1528 = 2³ × 191
  • 1528 has at least one exponent greater than 1 in its prime factorization so √1528 can be simplified. Taking the factor pair from the factor pair table below with the largest square number factor, we get √1528 = (√4)(√382) = 2√382
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 3 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (3 + 1)(1 + 1) = 4 × 2 = 8. Therefore 1528 has exactly 8 factors.
  • The factors of 1528 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

Another Fact about the Number 1528:

Since 1528 is divisible by 8 but not by 16, it can be written as the sum of 16 consecutive numbers:
88+89+90+91+92+93+94+95+96+97+98+99+100+101+102+103=1528.

Note that 95 + 96 = 191, and 8 × 191 = 1528.
Likewise, 94 + 97 = 1528,
93 + 98 = 1528, and so forth until we get to…
88 + 103 = 1528.

 

 

1515 and Level 3

Today’s Puzzle:

Start with the greatest common factor of 30 and 48, write the factors in the appropriate boxes, then work your way down this level 3 puzzle row by row using logic until you have found all the factors. You can do this!

Factors of 1515:

  • 1515 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1515 = 3 × 5 × 101.
  • 1515 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1515 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 1, and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8. Therefore 1515 has exactly 8 factors.
  • The factors of 1515 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

Another Fact about the Number 1515:

1515 is the hypotenuse of FOUR Pythagorean triples:
300-1485-1515, which is 15 times (20-99-101),
651-1368-1515, which is 3 times (217-456-505),
909-1212-1515, which is (3-4-5) times 303,
1008-1131-1515, which is 3 times (336-377-505).

1504 and Level 3

Today’s Puzzle:

Since this is a level 3 puzzle the clues are given in a logical order from top to bottom. Write the factors 1 to 10 in the first column and again in the top row.

Usually, you only have to consider the previous clues when finding the factors in a level 3 puzzle, but when you consider if 4 = 2 × 2 or 1 × 4, you will also have to look at a clue below it. You can do this!

Factors of 1504:

  • 1504 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1504 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 47, which can be written 1504 = 2⁵ × 47
  • 1504 has at least one exponent greater than 1 in its prime factorization so √1504 can be simplified. Taking the factor pair from the factor pair table below with the largest square number factor, we get √1504 = (√16)(√94) = 4√94
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 5 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (5 + 1)(1 + 1) = 6 × 2 = 12. Therefore 1504 has exactly 12 factors.
  • The factors of 1504 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

More about the Number 1504:

1504 is the difference of two squares in four different ways:
377² – 375² = 1504
190² – 186² = 1504
98² – 90² = 1504
55² – 39² = 1504

1492 The Niña, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria

Today’s Puzzle:

I debated with myself about whether or not I should mention the famous poem about 1492 in this post. Then I looked at the puzzle I had already created for today and noticed it would not be too much of a stretch to say the twelve clues look a little bit like three ships.  So whether or not I should, I decided to go ahead and mention the Niña, the Pinta, and the larger Santa Maria in the title. The ships themselves are innocent of any barbaric acts and might just be the three most famous ships in world history.

Start at the top of this level 3 puzzle and work your way down cell by cell using logic until you have written all the factors from 1 to 12 in both the first column and the top row.

Here’s the same puzzle without color:

Factors of 1492:

  • 1492 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1492 = 2 × 2 × 373, which can be written 1492 = 2² × 373
  • 1492 has at least one exponent greater than 1 in its prime factorization so √1492 can be simplified. Taking the factor pair from the factor pair table below with the largest square number factor, we get √1492 = (√4)(√373) = 2√373
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 2 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (2 + 1)(1 + 1) = 3 × 2 = 6. Therefore 1492 has exactly 6 factors.
  • The factors of 1492 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

Other Facts About the Number 1492:

1492 is the sum of two squares:
36² + 14² = 1492

1492 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
1008-1100-1492, which is 4 times (252-275-373)
and can also be calculated from 2(36)(14), 36² – 14², 36² + 14².

1480 and Level 3

Today’s Puzzle:

This is a level 3 puzzle. Start with the common factor of 21 and 14, then fill in the cells in the first column in order from top to bottom as well as the factors in the top row until you have placed all of the factors from 1 to 10 in both of those places.

Factors of 1480:

80 is divisible by 8 and 4 is even, so 1480 is divisible by 8. Here’s a little more about its factors:

  • 1480 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1480 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 5 × 37, which can be written 1480 = 2³ × 5 × 37
  • 1480 has at least one exponent greater than 1 in its prime factorization so √1480 can be simplified. Taking the factor pair from the factor pair table below with the largest square number factor, we get √1480 = (√4)(√370) = 2√370
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 3,1 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (3 + 1)(1 + 1) (1 + 1) = 4 × 2 × 2 = 16. Therefore 1480 has exactly 16 factors.
  • The factors of 1480 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

Something else about the number 1480:

1480 is the hypotenuse of FOUR Pythagorean triples:
456-1408-1480 which is 8 times (57-176-185)
480-1400-1480 which is (12-35-37) times 40
832-1224-1480 which is 8 times (104-153-185)
888-1184-1480 which is (3-4-5) times 296

1471 and Level 3

Today’s Puzzle:

There is only one factor that will work with the clue in the top row of this level 3 puzzle. Find it, then work your way down row by row until you have found all the factors. There is only one solution.

Factors of 147

  • 1471 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1471 is prime.
  • 1471 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1471 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1471 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1471 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1471 is a prime number? If 1471 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1471. Since 1471 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, or 37, we know that 1471 is a prime number.

Another Fact about the Number 1471:

1471 is the 21st centered heptagonal number because
(7(21²)-7(21)+2)/2 = 1471.

1434 and Level 3

If you know the common factors of 14 and 8, then you will have an excellent start to solve this puzzle. Once you place the factors of 18 and 8 in their proper places, just work down the puzzle row by row until all the factors from 1 to 10 are found.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file:  10 Factors 1432-1442

Now I’ll share some facts about the puzzle number, 1434:

  • 1434 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1434 = 2 × 3 × 239
  • 1434 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1434 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 1, and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8. Therefore 1434 has exactly 8 factors.
  • The factors of 1434 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

1434 is 234 in BASE 26 because
2(26²) + 3(26¹) + 4(26º) = 1434

1421 Square-shaped Sweet

This square-shaped puzzle is a Level 3 because you can start with clue 44 and work down the puzzle cell by cell to find the solution. You won’t get into a rhythm with this one, but logic will still help you to find the factors of the clues in order from top to bottom. That’s pretty sweet!

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 Factors 1419-1429

Now here are some sweet facts about the puzzle number 1421:

  • 1421 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1421 = 7 × 7 × 29, which can be written 1421 = 7² × 29
  • 1421 has at least one exponent greater than 1 in its prime factorization so √1421 can be simplified. Taking the factor pair from the factor pair table below with the largest square number factor, we get √1421 = (√49)(√29) = 7√29
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 2 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (2 + 1)(1 + 1) = 3 × 2 = 6. Therefore 1421 has exactly 6 factors.
  • The factors of 1421 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

1421 is also the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
980-1029-1421 which is (20-21-29) times 49.