The first Christmas Star led the wise men to find the Baby Jesus.

This Christmas star can lead you to a better knowledge of all the facts in a basic 1 to 10 multiplication table.

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The first Christmas Star led the wise men to find the Baby Jesus.

This Christmas star can lead you to a better knowledge of all the facts in a basic 1 to 10 multiplication table.

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On the 5th of December, many children in the world prepare for a visit from Saint Nickolas by polishing their boots. Hopefully, they have been good boys or girls all year and will find those boots filled the next morning with their favorite candies. Here’s a boot-shaped puzzle for you to solve.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 1311-1319

Now I’ll share some information about the number 1312:

- 1312 is a composite number.
- Primefactorization: 1312 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 41, which can be written 1312 = 2⁵ × 41
- The exponents inthe prime factorization are 5 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (5 + 1)(1 + 1) = 6 × 2 = 12. Therefore 1312 has exactly 12 factors.
- Factors of 1312: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 41, 82, 164, 328, 656, 1312
- Factor pairs: 1312 = 1 × 1312, 2 × 656, 4 × 328, 8 × 164, 16 × 82, or 32 × 41
- Taking the factor pair with the largest square number factor, we get √1312 = (√16)(√82) = 4√82 ≈ 36.22154

1312 is

It is the sum of the sixteen prime numbers from 47 to 113. Also,

prime numbers 653 + 659 = 1312

1312 is the sum of two squares:

36² + 4² = 1312

1312 is also the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:

288-1280-1312 which is **32** times (9-40-**41**)

In what order should the numbers from 1 to 12 be written in the first column and also in the top row so that this puzzle works like a multiplication table?

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 1251-1258

Now I’ll tell you a little bit about the number 1253:

- 1253 is a composite number.
- Prime factorization: 1253 = 7 × 179
- The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 1253 has exactly 4 factors.
- Factors of 1253: 1, 7, 179, 1253
- Factor pairs: 1253 = 1 × 1253 or 7 × 179
- 1253 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1253 ≈ 35.39774

1253 is also the sum of the eleven prime numbers from 89 to 139. Do you know what those prime numbers are?

If you can find the common factors of the clues in each row or column of this puzzle, then you can solve this puzzle. Be sure to only write numbers from 1 to 10 as those factors, and I’m sure you can succeed.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-1242-1250

Here are some facts about the number 1244:

- 1244 is a composite number.
- Prime factorization: 1244 = 2 × 2 × 311, which can be written 1244 = 2
**²**× 311 - The exponents in the prime factorization are 2 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (2 + 1)(1 + 1) = 3 × 2 = 6. Therefore 1244 has exactly 6 factors.
- Factors of 1244: 1, 2, 4, 311, 622, 1244
- Factor pairs: 1244 = 1 × 1244, 2 × 622, or 4 × 311
- Taking the factor pair with the largest square number factor, we get √1244 = (√4)(√311) = 2√311 ≈ 35.27038

1244 is the sum of the cubes of the first four triangular numbers:

1³ + 3³ + 6³ + 10³ =1244

1244 is a palindrome in a couple of different bases:

It’s 878 in BASE 12 and

282 in BASE 23

This is my 1234th post, so today’s puzzle has been given that number. Whenever I see 12:34 on a clock, I always think about my husband’s Uncle Paul who really liked noticing that time because all possible clock digits are used and the digits are in order. I also like those digits because 12 = 3 × 4.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 1232-1241

Here are some facts about the number 1234 some of which might surprise you:

- 1234 is a composite number.
- Prime factorization: 1234 = 2 × 617
- The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 1234 has exactly 4 factors.
- Factors of 1234: 1, 2, 617, 1234
- Factor pairs: 1234 = 1 × 1234 or 2 × 617
- 1234 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1234 ≈ 35.12834

1234 is the sum of two squares:

35² + 3² = 1234

1234 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:

210-1216-1234 calculated from 2(35)(3), 35² – 3², 35² + 3²

It is also **2 **times (105-608-**617**)

Can you write the numbers from 1 to 10 in both the first column and the top row of the table below so that the given clues are the multiplication products of the factors you wrote? There is only one solution, but I am sure that you can find it.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-1221-1231

Now I’ll write a little bit about the number 1222:

- 1222 is a composite number.
- Prime factorization: 1222 = 2 × 13 × 47
- The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 1, and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8. Therefore 1222 has exactly 8 factors.
- Factors of 1222: 1, 2, 13, 26, 47, 94, 611, 1222
- Factor pairs: 1222 = 1 × 1222, 2 × 611, 13 × 94, or 26 × 47
- 1222 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1222 ≈ 34.95712

1222 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:

470-1128-1222 which is (5-12-**13**) times **94**

I know you will find at least some of today’s puzzle to be easy, and maybe even all of it. Why not give it a try? You might just have fun solving it, too!

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 1211-1220

When we learn about the number 1212 we get to think about twelve a lot. 1212 has twelve factors and, of course, one of them is 12.

- 1212 is a composite number.
- Prime factorization: 1212 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 101, which can be written 1212 = 2² × 3 × 101
- The exponents in the prime factorization are 2, 1, and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (2 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 3 × 2 × 2 = 12. Therefore 1212 has exactly 12 factors.
- Factors of 1212: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12, 101, 202, 303, 404, 606, 1212
- Factor pairs: 1212 = 1 × 1212, 2 × 606, 3 × 404, 4 × 303, 6 × 202, or 12 × 101
- Taking the factor pair with the largest square number factor, we get √1212 = (√4)(√303) = 2√303 ≈ 34.81379

1212 is the sum of the fourteen prime numbers from 59 to 113.

It is also the sum of the twelve prime numbers from 73 to 131.

Do you know what all those prime numbers are?

1212 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:

240-1188-1212 which is **12** times (20-99-**101**)

I am certain that you can fill in the numbers 1 to 10 one time in both the top row and the first column so that this puzzle can become a multiplication table. All you have to do is give it an honest try.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-1199-1210

Now I’ll write a few things about the number 1202:

- 1202 is a composite number.
- Prime factorization: 1202 = 2 × 601
- The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 1202 has exactly 4 factors.
- Factors of 1202: 1, 2, 601, 1202
- Factor pairs: 1202 = 1 × 1202 or 2 × 601
- 1202 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1202 ≈ 34.66987

29² + 19² = 1202

1202 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:

480-1102-1202 calculated from 29² – 19², 2(29)(19), 29² + 19²

2(24² + 5²) = 2(601) = 1202 so that Pythagorean triple can also be calculated from

2(2)(24)(5), 2(24² – 5²), 2(24² + 5²)

Try out both ways to get the triple!

Some of the clues in this level 2 puzzle were also in the level 1 puzzle earlier this week. Can you remember their common factors and figure out the common factors for the other three sets of clues?

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 factors 1187-1198

Here are some facts about the number 1189:

- 1189 is a composite number.
- Prime factorization: 1189 = 29 × 41
- The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 1189 has exactly 4 factors.
- Factors of 1189: 1, 29, 41, 1189
- Factor pairs: 1189 = 1 × 1189 or 29 × 41
- 1189 has no square factors that allow its square root to be simplified. √1189 ≈ 34.48188

33² + 10² = 1189

30² + 17² = 1189

1189 is the hypotenuse of FOUR Pythagorean triples:

261-1160-1189 which is **29** times (9-40-**41**)

611-1020-1189 calculated from 30² – 17², 2(30)(17), 30² + 17²

660-989-1189 calculated from 2(33)(10), 33² – 10², 33² + 10²

820-861-1189 which is (20-21-**29**) times **41**

1189 is 10010100101 in BASE 2. That’s a nice pattern.

It’s also palindrome 1H1 in base 27 ( H is 17 base 10),

and palindrome 131 in BASE 33

This level 2 puzzle will be quite useful in helping you recall all the multiplication facts. How many factors can you fill in on this puzzle without looking at a regular multiplication table? I congratulate you on all the ones you know.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10-factors-1174-1186

Here are some facts about the number 1175:

- 1175 is a composite number.
- Prime factorization: 1175 = 5 × 5 × 47, which can be written 1175 = 5
**²**× 47 - The exponents in the prime factorization are 2 and 1. Adding one to each and multiplying we get (2 + 1)(1 + 1) = 3 × 2 = 6. Therefore 1175 has exactly 6 factors.
- Factors of 1175: 1, 5, 25, 47, 235, 1175
- Factor pairs: 1175 = 1 × 1175, 5 × 235, or 25 × 47
- Taking the factor pair with the largest square number factor, we get √1175 = (√25)(√47) = 5√47 ≈ 34.27827

1175 is the hypotenuse of two Pythagorean triples:

705-940-1175 which is (3-4-5) times 235

329-1128-1175 which is (7-24-25) times 47

1175 is a palindrome in these other bases:

It’s 979 in BASE 11 because 9(11²) + 7(11) + 9(1) = 1175,

535 in BASE 15 because 5(15²) + 3(15) + 5(1) = 1175,

and 252 in BASE 23 because 2(23²) + 5(23) + 2(1) = 1175