1443 A Simple Gift for You

This level one puzzle is my simple gift to you. Yes, you can solve it, and you don’t even have to wait until December 25th to discover all the factors and products to be found inside!

That was puzzle number 1443. Here are some facts about that number.

  • 1443 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1443 = 3 × 13 × 37
  • 1443 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1443 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 1, and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8. Therefore 1443 has exactly 8 factors.
  • The factors of 1443 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

(38-1)(38+1) = 1443 so 1443 is one number away from 38² = 1444.

Actually, 1443 is the difference of two squares in four different ways:
38² – 1² = 1443
62²- 49² = 1443
242² – 239² = 1443
722² – 721² = 1443

1443 is the hypotenuse of FOUR Pythagorean triples:
93-1440-1443 which is 3 times (31-480-481)
468-1365-1443 which is (12-35-37) times 39
555-1332-1443 which is (5-12-13) times 111
957-1080-1443 which is 3 times(319-360-481)

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1439 and Level 6

You know the factors of 49, but to complete this puzzle, you will also have to determine the answers to a few questions:

Will the common factor of 24 and 32 be 4 or 8?
Will the common factor of 20 and 40 be 4, 5, or 10?
Will the common factor of 27 and 9 be 3 or 9?

Don’t guess and check! Look at the other clues, and some of the possibilities will be eliminated*. Once you’ve found the next clue to use, continue using logic until the whole puzzle is completed.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 10 Factors 1432-1442

  • 1439 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1439 is prime.
  • 1439 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1439 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1439 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1439 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1439 is a prime number? If 1439 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1439. Since 1439 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 31, or 37, we know that 1439 is a prime number.

* Did you notice that either one of the 24’s or 6 must use a 3 because only two 6s are allowed to be used as factors? What does that tell you about the common factor of 27 and 9?

 

1438 and Level 5

You can solve this puzzle by using logic and multiplication/division facts. The unique solution requires all the numbers from 1 to 10 in both the first column and the top row. Can you solve it?

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file:  10 Factors 1432-1442

Today’s puzzle was given the number 1438. Here are a few facts about that number:

  • 1438 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1438 = 2 × 719
  • 1438 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1438 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 1438 has exactly 4 factors.
  • The factors of 1438 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

1438 is the sum of four consecutive numbers:
358  + 359 + 360 + 361 = 1438

1437 Belt Buckle Mystery

I have childhood memories of preparing for Thanksgiving at school by making pilgrim hats, pilgrim shirts, or pilgrim shoes out of construction paper. Each of those clothing items had a distinguished buckle. Why? That buckle’s popularity was a mystery to me until I read an article by Ken Jennings titled The Debunker: What Did Pilgrim Hats Really Look Like?

This mystery level puzzle has a buckle, too. Perhaps it can help debunk the idea that math is no fun while it helps you learn about factors or reinforces your memory of the multiplication table.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file:  10 Factors 1432-1442

The puzzle number is 1437. Here are a few facts about that number:

  • 1437 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1437 = 3 × 479
  • 1437 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1437 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 1437 has exactly 4 factors.
  • The factors of 1437 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

1437 is the difference of two squares in two different ways:
719² – 718² = 1437
241² – 238² = 1437

1436 This Turkey Is Ready

If this year you find yourself needing a bigger turkey, then this one fits that description. This turkey uses math facts from a 14 × 14 multiplication table.

Adding prime number 13 doesn’t cause any problems. You hopefully will recognize that 39 and 119 are both multiples of 13.

However, adding 14 to the puzzle might make you want to call “fowl” because clues 28, 56, 70, and 84 all have two sets of factor pairs where both factors are 14 or less. Can you figure out which clues use 7 and which use 14?

Like always, there is only one solution.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file:  10 Factors 1432-1442

That was puzzle number 1436. Here are a few facts about that number:

  • 1436 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1436 = 2 × 2 × 359, which can be written 1436 = 2² × 359
  • 1436 has at least one exponent greater than 1 in its prime factorization so √1436 can be simplified. Taking the factor pair from the factor pair table below with the largest square number factor, we get √1436 = (√4)(√359) = 2√359
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 2 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (2 + 1)(1 + 1) = 3 × 2 = 6. Therefore 1436 has exactly 6 factors.
  • The factors of 1436 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

1436 is the difference of two squares:
360² – 358² = 1436

1435 is the 23rd Friedman Number

41 ×35 = 1435. Since the same digits are used on both sides of the equal sign that makes 1435 the 23rd Friedman number.

Since it’s good for puzzles to have a puzzle number to distinguish them from each other, I’ve given this one the number 1435. Can you solve it?

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file:  10 Factors 1432-1442

Here are a few more facts about the number 1435:

  • 1435 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1435 = 5 × 7 × 41
  • 1435 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1435 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 1, and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8. Therefore 1435 has exactly 8 factors.
  • The factors of 1435 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

1435 is also the hypotenuse of FOUR Pythagorean triples:
315-1400-1435 which is 35 times (9-40-41)
588-1309-1435 which is 7 times (84-187-205)
861-1148-1435 which is (3-4-5) times 287
931-1092-1435 which is 7 times (133-156-205)

1434 and Level 3

If you know the common factors of 14 and 8, then you will have an excellent start to solve this puzzle. Once you place the factors of 18 and 8 in their proper places, just work down the puzzle row by row until all the factors from 1 to 10 are found.

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file:  10 Factors 1432-1442

Now I’ll share some facts about the puzzle number, 1434:

  • 1434 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1434 = 2 × 3 × 239
  • 1434 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1434 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1, 1, and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8. Therefore 1434 has exactly 8 factors.
  • The factors of 1434 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

1434 is 234 in BASE 26 because
2(26²) + 3(26¹) + 4(26º) = 1434

1433 and Level 2

There is only one way to arrange the numbers from 1 to 10 in both the first column and the top row to make this puzzle function like a multiplication table. Can you find that one way?

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file:  10 Factors 1432-1442

The puzzle number is 1433. Here are some facts about that number:

  • 1433 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1433 is prime.
  • 1433 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1433 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1433 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1433 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1433 is a prime number? If 1433 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1433. Since 1433 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 31, or 37, we know that 1433 is a prime number.

1433 is the sum of two squares:
37² + 8² = 1433

1433 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
592-1305-1433 calculated from 2(37)(8), 37² – 8², 37² + 8²

Here’s another way we know that 1433 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 37² + 8² = 1433 with 37 and 8 having no common prime factors, 1433 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1433. Since 1433 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, or 37, we know that 1433 is a prime number.

1432 and Level 1

If you can count by tens, then you can solve this Level 1 puzzle. I dare you to prove me wrong!

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file:  10 Factors 1432-1442

Here is some information about the puzzle number, 1432:

  • 1432 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1432 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 179, which can be written 1432 = 2³ × 179
  • 1432 has at least one exponent greater than 1 in its prime factorization so √1432 can be simplified. Taking the factor pair from the factor pair table below with the largest square number factor, we get √1432 = (√4)(√358) = 2√358
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 3 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (3 + 1)(1 + 1) = 4 × 2 = 8. Therefore 1432 has exactly 8 factors.
  • The factors of 1432 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

1432 is 21212 in BASE 5 because
2(5⁴) + 1(5³) + 2(5²) + 1(5¹) + 2(5⁰) = 1432

 

1429 Find the Factors Challenge

I wanted today’s puzzle to look like a big candy bar, but I don’t think I succeeded. I hope you will still think it is the best treat you got today! Good luck!

Print the puzzles or type the solution in this excel file: 12 Factors 1419-1429

Now I’ll tell you some facts about the number 1429:

  • 1429 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1429 is prime.
  • 1429 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1429 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1429 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1429 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1429 is a prime number? If 1429 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1429. Since 1429 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 31, or 37, we know that 1429 is a prime number.

Stetson.edu informs us that 1429² = 2,042,041. That’s the smallest perfect square whose first three digits are repeated in order by the next three digits.

1429 is the sum of two squares:
30² + 23² = 1429

1429 is the hypotenuse of a primitive Pythagorean triple:
371-1380-1429 calculated from 30² – 23², 2(30)(23), 30² + 23²

Here’s another way we know that 1429 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 30² + 23² = 1429 with 30 and 23 having no common prime factors, 1429 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1429. Since 1429 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, or 37, we know that 1429 is a prime number.