1720 Transforming Puzzle-A-Day’s Wizard’s Hat

Today’s Puzzle:

I recently saw a fun-to-solve puzzle from Puzzle a Day on Twitter:

The puzzle got me thinking, what would happen if the numbers weren’t from 1 to 10, but were from 0 to 9 instead? Would it change the puzzle a little or a lot?

It actually changes the puzzle quite a bit. There are a lot more solutions than for the Puzzle a Day puzzle! And I don’t mean just switching the red line with the green line and/or switching the purple circles at the bottom. How many solutions can you find?

Factors of 1720:

  • 1720 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1720 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 5 × 43, which can be written 1720 = 2³ × 5 × 43.
  • 1720 has at least one exponent greater than 1 in its prime factorization so √1720 can be simplified. Taking the factor pair from the factor pair table below with the largest square number factor, we get √1720 = (√4)(√430) = 2√430.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 3,1 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (3 + 1)(1 + 1) (1 + 1) = 4 × 2 × 2 = 16. Therefore 1720 has exactly 16 factors.
  • The factors of 1720 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

More About the Number 1720:

1720 is the difference of two squares in FOUR different ways:
431² – 429² = 1720,
217² – 213² = 1720,
91² – 81² = 1720, and
53² – 33² = 1720.

 

1717 Factor Fits for Your Valentine

Today’s Puzzle:

Solve this Valentine-themed Factor Fits puzzle with both logic and heart!

Factors of 1717:

  • 1717 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1717 = 17 × 101.
  • 1717 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1717 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 1717 has exactly 4 factors.
  • The factors of 1717 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

More About the Number 1717:

1717 is the sum of two squares two different ways:
41² + 6² = 1717, and
39² + 14² = 1717.

1717 is the hypotenuse of FOUR Pythagorean triples:
340 1683 1717, which is 17 times (20-99-101),
492 1645 1717, calculated from 2(41)(6), 41² – 6², 41² + 6²,
808 1515 1717, which is (8-15-17) times 101, and
1092 1325 1717, calculated from 2(39)(14), 39² – 14², 39² + 14².

1715 A Lot More of a Subtraction Distraction

Today’s Puzzle:

Last time I published a puzzle with the last clue missing. Leaving out the first or the last clue only makes the puzzle slightly more difficult. What if I left out a clue more in the middle of the puzzle. I gave that some thought and designed today’s puzzle. I soon realized that I had to let you know that the 12 is one of the last eight boxes. There is only one solution. Can you find it?

I posted a solution video for it on Twitter:

Factors of 1715:

  • 1715 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1715 = 5 × 7 × 7 × 7, which can be written 1715 = 5 × 7³.
  • 1715 has at least one exponent greater than 1 in its prime factorization so √1715 can be simplified. Taking the factor pair from the factor pair table below with the largest square number factor, we get √1715 = (√49)(√35) = 7√35.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 3. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(3 + 1) = 2 × 4 = 8. Therefore 1715 has exactly 8 factors.
  • The factors of 1715 are outlined with their factor pairs in the graphic below.

More About the number 1715:

1715 = 1·7³·1·5. Thank you, OEIS.org for that fun fact!

1715 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
1029-1372-1715, which is (3-4-5) times 343.

1715 = 5·7³.
5·7º = 2² + 1².
5·7¹ cannot be written as the sum of two squares.
5·7² = 14² + 7².
5·7³ cannot be written as the sum of two squares.
5·7⁴ = 98² + 49².

What do you notice? What do you wonder?

1714 Will the Factors in This Puzzle Give You Fits?

Today’s Puzzle:

12 and 24 have several common factors, but only one of them works in this puzzle. Will it be 2, 3, 4, 6, or 12?

What about 40 and 60’s common factors?

Don’t guess which factor to use. Start elsewhere in the puzzle where there’s only one possible common factor. Then use logic to eliminate some of the factor possibilities for 12, 24 and 40, 60. You will have to think, but it won’t be too difficult.

Factors of 1714:

  • 1714 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1714 = 2 × 857.
  • 1714 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1714 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 1714 has exactly 4 factors.
  • The factors of 1714 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

More About the Number 1714:

1714 is the sum of two squares:
33² + 25² = 1714.

1714 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
464-1650-1714, calculated from 33² – 25², 2(33)(25), 33² + 25².
It is also 2 times (232-825-857).

1713 A Little More of a Subtraction Distraction

Today’s Puzzle:

It occurred to me that as long as the last box is neither 1 nor 12 that I could leave the clue above it blank. Can you still solve the puzzle?

Factors of 1713:

  • 1713 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1713 = 3 × 571.
  • 1713 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1713 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 1713 has exactly 4 factors.
  • The factors of 1713 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

More About the Number 1713:

1713 is the difference of two squares in two different ways:
857² – 856² = 1713, and
287² – 284² = 1713.

1713 is the sum of two, three, and six consecutive numbers:
856 + 857 = 1713,
570 + 571 + 572 = 1713, and
283 + 284 + 285 + 286 + 287 + 288 = 1713.

Do you see any relationship between those two facts?

1712 Can You Make the Factors Fit?

Today’s Puzzle:

This Factor Fits puzzle starts off fairly easy before it potentially might give you fits trying to place the rest of the factors. Are you game?

Factors of 1712:

  • 1712 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1712 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 107, which can be written 1712 = 2⁴ × 107.
  • 1712 has at least one exponent greater than 1 in its prime factorization so √1712 can be simplified. Taking the factor pair from the factor pair table below with the largest square number factor, we get √1712 = (√16)(√107) = 4√107.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 4 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (4 + 1)(1 + 1) = 5 × 2 = 10. Therefore 1712 has exactly 10 factors.
  • The factors of 1712 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

More About the Number 1712:

1712 is the difference of two squares in three different ways:
429² – 427² = 1712,
216² – 212² = 1712, and
111² – 103² = 1712.

1709 Sometimes “Guess and Check” Is a Good Strategy

Today’s Puzzle:

Most of the puzzles I publish are logic puzzles, and I encourage you to find the logic of the puzzle and not guess and check.  However, guess and check is a legitimate strategy in mathematics, and it is a legitimate strategy to solve this particular puzzle.

Since one of the clues is -9, we know that the two boxes under it must be [1, 10], [2, 11], or [3, 12].

Suppose you assume it’s 1 – 10 = -9. If you fill out the rest of the boxes you would get:

You know that isn’t right because zero is not a number from 1 to 12. No problem. Simply add one to each of the numbers you wrote in, and the puzzle will be solved with only numbers from 1 to 12.

Suppose you assumed it’s 3 -12 = -9. The rest of the boxes would look like this:

Again, 13 is not included in the numbers from 1 to 12, but you can fix it by subtracting 1 from each of the numbers you wrote in. Easy Peasy.

Factors of 1709:

  • 1709 is a prime number.
  • Prime factorization: 1709 is prime.
  • 1709 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1709 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponent in the prime factorization is 1. Adding one to that exponent we get (1 + 1) = 2. Therefore 1709 has exactly 2 factors.
  • The factors of 1709 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

How do we know that 1709 is a prime number? If 1709 were not a prime number, then it would be divisible by at least one prime number less than or equal to √1709. Since 1709 cannot be divided evenly by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, or 41, we know that 1709 is a prime number.

More About the Number 1709:

1709 is the sum of two squares:
35² + 22² = 1709.

1709 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
741-1540-1709, calculated from 35² – 22², 2(35)(22), 35² + 22².

Here’s another way we know that 1709 is a prime number: Since its last two digits divided by 4 leave a remainder of 1, and 35² + 22² = 1709 with 35 and 22 having no common prime factors, 1709 will be prime unless it is divisible by a prime number Pythagorean triple hypotenuse less than or equal to √1709. Since 1709 is not divisible by 5, 13, 17, 29, 37, or 41, we know that 1709 is a prime number.

1708 Happy Birthday, Jo Morgan!

Today’s Puzzle:

A few days ago I published a new kind of factoring puzzle. Jo Morgan of Resourceaholic.com, keeps an eye out for new mathematical resources on Twitter. She was one of the first to notice and like my puzzle. Because of her, lots of other people noticed the puzzle, too. Today is Jo’s birthday, and I decided to make a similar puzzle for her to enjoy. You might find it slightly more difficult than the earlier puzzle, but use logic from the beginning, and you will be able to fit in all the factors.

Factors of 1708:

  • 1708 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1708 = 2 × 2 × 7 × 61, which can be written 1708 = 2² × 7 × 61.
  • 1708 has at least one exponent greater than 1 in its prime factorization so √1708 can be simplified. Taking the factor pair from the factor pair table below with the largest square number factor, we get √1708 = (√4)(√427) = 2√427.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 2, 1, and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (2 + 1)(1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 3 × 2 × 2 = 12. Therefore 1708 has exactly 12 factors.
  • The factors of 1708 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

More About the Number 1708:

1708 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
308-1680-1708, which is 28 times (11-60-61).

1707 Subtraction Distraction

Today’s Puzzle:

Even though this Subtraction Distraction puzzle has more boxes than the one I published a couple of weeks ago, it is actually an easier puzzle. Can you write the numbers 1 to 12 in the boxes so that each triangle is its adjacent left box minus its adjacent right box?

Factors of 1707:

1 + 7 + 0 + 7 = 15, a multiple of 3, so 1707 is divisible by 3.

  • 1707 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1707 = 3 × 569.
  • 1707 has no exponents greater than 1 in its prime factorization, so √1707 cannot be simplified.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 1 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 2 × 2 = 4. Therefore 1707 has exactly 4 factors.
  • The factors of 1707 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.

More About the Number 1707:

1707 is the hypotenuse of a Pythagorean triple:
693-1560-1707, which is 3 times (231-520-569).

1704 Christmas Factor Tree

Today’s Puzzle:

If you know the factors of the clues in this Christmas tree, and you use logic, it is possible to write each number from 1 to 12 in both the first column and the top row to make a multiplication table. It’s a level six puzzle, so it won’t be easy, even for adults, but can YOU do it?

Factors of 1704:

If you were expecting to see a factor tree for the number 1704, here is one of several possibilities:

  • 1704 is a composite number.
  • Prime factorization: 1704 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 71, which can be written 1704 = 2³ × 3 × 71.
  • 1704 has at least one exponent greater than 1 in its prime factorization so √1704 can be simplified. Taking the factor pair from the factor pair table below with the largest square number factor, we get √1704 = (√4)(√426) = 2√426.
  • The exponents in the prime factorization are 3,1 and 1. Adding one to each exponent and multiplying we get (3 + 1)(1 + 1) (1 + 1) = 4 × 2 × 2 = 16. Therefore 1704 has exactly 16 factors.
  • The factors of 1704 are outlined with their factor pair partners in the graphic below.


More About the Number 1704:

1704 is the difference of two squares in FOUR different ways:
427² – 425² = 1704,
215² – 211² = 1704,
145² – 139² = 1704, and
77² – 65² = 1704.

Why was Six afraid of Seven? Because Seven ate Nine.
1704 is 789 in a different base:
1704₁₀ = 789₁₅ because 7(15²) + 8(15¹) + 9(15º) = 1704.